Evolution of Super Computer

By | November 27, 2018

Computers constitute one of the central innovations that hallmarked the 20th century into the present century. The good side to this illustrious invention is that it has now undergone incredible developments so far since 1946. Super computers are however not the same as average ones. They are created in such a manner that they work at enormously fast velocity. They handle large amounts of data and they perform multiple gigantic tasks simultaneously. 

The Beginnings: 1950s and 1960s

Specifically in 1946, the earliest computer garnered about 500 FLOPS. The super crunch we have today is about petaFLOPS or up to one trillion. The shrinking transistor size allows for more electrical fittings in a particular area but processes great data quantity with intricate designs. It also features some cooling systems and particular outlets for men to make use of hardware. Most of the mechanics developed at this time could be linked to bespoke tabulators that IBM had manufactured for Columbia University. Later, the group of engineers alongside Seymour Cray that left Sperry Corporation to start the Control Data Corp made a complete turnaround in the scheme of things.

The Cray Period: middle 1970s and 1980s

IT was at this stage that the 80 MHZ Cray-1, the most successful computing tool by all records was delivered by Mr. Cray Seymour. The laudable invention made use of incorporated circuits with double gates for every chip and bears a vector processor that let in an sum of inventions like chaining where vector and scalar records bring forth temporary outcomes that can be made use of almost quickly. 

Subsequently, the Cray-2 manufactured in 1985 runs as a 4 processor watery chilled computer completely immersed in a container Fluorinet which sparkled as it is being employed. The Cray 2 was a magnificently novel innovation and never employed chaining and possessed a high-long memory latency as it used surplus pipeline methods and was the proper stuff for solving demanding vast quantities of memory. Later on, the Cray Y-MP straddled as an improvement on X-MP.

Massive Processing: the 1990s

After the Cray-w that broached the extensions of supercomputing in the mid to late 1980s possessed only 8 processors. In the 1990s, these facilities with so tens of hundreds of processors started manifesting. Another improvement at the close of the 1980s was the coming of Japanese models branded after the Cray-1. Sequel to that landmark outfit, the SX-3/44R was pronounced by NEC Corp in 1989 and about 12 months after it prided as the swiftest in the world title with a 4 processor model. In the normal time period, the Intel Paragon ranked fastest all over the globe. 

As a result of the notable advances made in the first ten years of the 21st century, the efficiency of super computers persisted in increase but never spectacularly as such. This could be tagged the Petascale computing during the millennial age.

Progressively in 2004 the super computer known as the Earth Simulator constructed by the NEC touched 35.9 teraflops as it made use of about 640 nodes as each of them possessed up to ten vector processors. The supercomputer called the IBM Blue Gene was discovered all over the beginning of the 21st century and a number of them got listed among the TOP500 list making use of the design.

Some of the significant innovations all through these varying dispensations include the ASCI Red, IBM Sequoia, Intel Paragon XP/S 140, IBM ASCI White, etc