- What is the difference between ASP.NET MVC and ASP.NET WebForms?
- Is ASP.NET MVC going to replace ASP.NET WebForms?
- ASP.NET MVC vs ASP.NET WebForms | ASP.NET WebForms Vs MVC model?
In this web development tutorial, I’ll try to answer and explain such queries.
First of all, let me clear that ASP.NET MVC is not replacing ASP.NET WebForms. Both these development models exist and can be used to develop ASP.NET applications. Although both has pros and cons, that we will discuss and compare here.
Before going into deeper details let’s have a high level comparison as:
***ASP.NET WebForms developers migrating to ASP.NET MVC initially feel a little uncomfortable because they are unable to find many key features that were available in WebForms approach. There are many questions comes to their minds like below:
- Web is still stateless but where is the Viewstate?
- Where is that Code behind file?
- What is that Razor syntax? Why I need it?
- Where to find Page_Load method? that is used to put code for almost every page.
- What about Binding and Rich Server Controls? Where these controls gone?
- and many more…
ASP.NET Web Forms
ASP.NET Web Forms uses Page controller pattern approach for rendering layout. In this approach, every page has it’s own controller i.e. code-behind file that processes the request.
ASP.NET MVC uses Front Controller approach. That approach means ,a common controller for all pages, processes the requests.
No separation of concerns. As we discussed that every page (.aspx) has it’s own controller (code behind i.e. aspx.cs/.vb file), so both are tightly coupled.
Very clean separation of concerns. View and Controller are neatly separate.
Because of this coupled behavior, automated testing is really difficult.
Testability is key feature in ASP.NET MVC. Test driven development is quite simple using this approach. Please follow here for demo on building testable applications.
In order to achieve stateful behavior, viewstate is used. Purpose was to give developers, the same experience of a typical WinForms application.
ASP.NET MVC approach is stateless as that of the web. So here no concept of viewstate.
Statefulness has a lots of problem for web environment in case of excessively large viewstate. Large viewstate means increase in page size.
As controller and view are not dependent and also no viewstate concept in ASP.NET MVC, so output is very clean.
ASP.NET WebForms model follows a Page Life cycle.
No Page Life cycle like WebForms. Request cycle is simple in ASP.NET MVC model.
With a lots of control libraries availability and limited knowledge of other related technologies, ASP.NET WebForms is RAD(Rapid Application Development) approach.
It’s a step back. For developers decrease in productivity.
It’s good for small scale applications with limited team size.
It’s better as well as recommended approach for large-scale applications where different teams are working together.
This article explains the pros and cons associated with each model. And in last point, I concluded that which model is suitable in a scenario. Hopefully, it will be a reference for choosing the right approach.
Further, if you are interested to practically learn ASP.NET MVC5, a recommended Video Series especially designed for those familiar with ASP.NET WebForms, follow here.
- Over 28 lectures and 2.5 hours of content!
- User will be able to understand ASP.NET MVC 5 and some important parts of the architecture like Modules, Routing, Controllers, Validations, ViewModel of MVC, Code First Approach etc.
- Complete Course Curriculum here.
More You Must Read about ASP.NET MVC & Related
- ASP.NET MVC3 Vs MVC4 Vs MVC5 Vs MVC6
- 4 Simple Steps to Create your First ASP.NET MVC5 Application
- Understanding ASP.NET MVC Application Life Cycle
- How Routing works in ASP.NET MVC?
- All you need to Know about Controllers and Action Methods in ASP.NET MVC
- Practical Example to learn Scaffolding in ASP.NET MVC
- How to use AJAX in ASP.NET MVC Application?
- Insight of ASP.NET MVC Authorize attribute
- Building ASP.NET MVC5 Application with Entity Framework 6
- Understanding Model-First Approach in ASP.NET MVC with Entity Framework
- ASP.NET View Engine Vs Razor View Engine
- ViewBag Vs ViewData Vs TempData Vs Session
- How to use Model to Pass data to View in ASP.NET MVC?
- Understanding Partial View in ASP.NET MVC
- ASP.NET MVC Helpers – A MUST KNOW
- 2 simple ways to create Custom HTML Helpers in ASP.NET MVC
- All you need to know to pass Exam: 70-486 (Developing ASP.NET MVC Web Applications)
- A Practical Reference Guide to ASP.NET Web API
- WCF Tutorial
- ASMX Vs WCF
- WCF REST
Top 10 Interview Questions and Answers Series:
- Top 10 HTML5 Interview Questions
- Top 10 ASP.NET Interview Questions
- Comprehensive Series of ASP.NET Interview Questions
- Top 10 ASP.NET MVC Interview Questions
- Top 10 ASP.NET Web API Interview Questions
- Top 10 ASP.NET AJAX Interview Questions
- Top 10 WCF Interview Questions
- Comprehensive Series of WCF Interview Questions